Her Royal Highness Queen Elizabeth II is head of state of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms including Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu. As the English sovereign, she holds the titles of Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England. In addition to leading the British defence forces, the Sovereign holds equivalent titles in other realms including Canada and New Zealand. HRH the Queen is also the head of the Commonwealth of 53 independent countries, the charter of which bears her signature. Since ascending to the throne in 1952, the Queen’s reign has become one of the longest tenures of any British monarch.

Primary tabs

Career

United Kingdom and the Commonwealth Realms
1952–present
Her Majesty The Queen London, England United Kingdom
United Kingdom
19471952
Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh London, England United Kingdom
19361947
Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth London, England United Kingdom
19261936
Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York London, England United Kingdom

Professional affiliations

1951–present
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists London, England United Kingdom Honorary Fellow (FRCOG)
1951–present
Royal College of Surgeons of England London, England United Kingdom Honorary Fellow (FRCS)
1947–present
Worshipful Company of Drapers London, England United Kingdom Freeman
1947–present
Institution of Civil Engineers London, England United Kingdom Honorary Member and Patron
19471952
Royal Society London, England United Kingdom Fellow (FRS)

Professional honors and awards

1992
Sultan of Brunei Silver Jubilee Medal Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
1985
Award of Honour Commonwealth of Dominica It is the highest award for Meritorious Service awarded by the Republic
1985
Trinity Cross Medal in Gold Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Distinguished and outstanding service to Trinidad and Tobago. Also awarded for gallantry in the face of the enemy, or for gallant conduct
1957
CANADA - Chief Hunter of the Order of the Buffalo Hun Province of Manitoba First recipient was Queen Elizabeth II / bestowed on individuals who demonstrated outstanding skills in the areas of leadership, service and community commitment.
1951
Canadian Forces Decoration Canada Long service and good conduct medal
1945
War Medal 1939-1945 United Kingdom and Commonwealth Awarded to those who had served in the Armed Forces or Merchant Navy full-time for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

Community

Community honors and awards

1946
Inducted into the Welsh Gorsedd The National Eisteddfod of Wales An honour to reward an individual's contributions to Welsh culture
1945
Defence Medal United Kingdom and Commonwealth Awarded for service in World War II. It was instituted to recognize both military and some types of civilian service
1935
King George V Silver Jubilee Medal British Commonwealth Community Contribution
1935
King George VI Coronation Medal British Commonwealth Community Contribution

Military service

19642011
United Kingdom / Royal Navy Lord High Admiral
1952–present
United Kingdom / British Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief
19501952
United Kingdom / Women's Royal Army Corps Captain
19491950
United Kingdom / Women's Royal Army Corps Junior Commander
19451949
United Kingdom / Auxiliary Territorial Service Junior Commander
1945
United Kingdom / Auxiliary Territorial Service Second Subaltern
1990–present
NEW ZEALAND / New Zealand Defence Force Head
1968–present
CANADA / Canadian Forces Commander-in-Chief
19581968
CANADA / Royal Canadian Air Force Commander-in-Chief
19521968
CANADA / Canadian Army Commander-in-Chief
19521968
CANADA / Royal Canadian Navy Commander-in-Chief
Nationality
British
Denomination
Anglican
Hobbies
Owner and breeder of thoroughbreds, attending equestrian events, photography and dogs, especially her Pembroke Welsh Corgis, walking in the countryside, and Scottish country dancing

Education

Primary school
Tutored privately under the supervision of her mother, the Duchess of York, and governess, Marion Crawford
Educated at home
Other
Received private tuition from Henry Marten,Vice-Provost of Eton College London, England UK Constitutional History
Native language
English
Other languages
French

Honorary Degrees

The Queen has not accepted any honorary degrees since assuming the throne. Reason being, the acceptance of an honorary degree would place The Queen under the jurisdiction of the chancellor of the university bestowing the degree.
1951
University of London London, England United Kingdom Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa
1951
University of Edinburgh Edinburgh, Scotland United Kingdom Doctor of Laws (LLD) honoris causa
1949
University of Wales Aberystwyth, Bangor, Cardiff,Carmarthen, Lampeter, Newport,Swansea and Wrexham, Wales, United Kingdom Doctor of Music (DMus) honoris causa
1948
University of Oxford Oxford, England United Kingdom Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) honoris causa
1946
University of London London, England United Kingdom Bachelor of Music(BMus) honoris causa

Family

Vital statistics

Birth information
April 21, 1926
Gender
Female
Place of birth
Mayfair, London, England UK
Marital status
Married

Marriage

19472016–present
Philip Mountbatten     4 children Prince Charles - Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor (1948) Princess Anne - Elizabeth Alice Louise (née Mountbatten-Windsor) Laurence (1950) Prince Andrew - Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor (1960) Prince Edward - Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor, (aka Edward Wessex) (1964)

Grandchildren & Great-grandchildren

Grandchildren
8 Peter Mark Andrew Phillips (1977), Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips (1981), William Arthur Philip Louis Windsor (1982), Henry Charles Albert David Windsor (1984), Beatrice Elizabeth Mary Windsor (1988), Eugenie Victoria Helena Windsor (1990), Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary Mountbatten-Windsor, James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor
Great-grandchildren
5

Parents

Father
Prince Albert, Duke of York - later King George VI
Mother
Elizabeth Angela Marguerite (Bowes-Lyon)

Grandparents

Father's father
Prince George, Duke of York, later King George V
Father's mother
Mary of Teck, Duchess of York, later Queen Mary
Mother's father
Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis (14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne)
Mother's mother
Cecilia Nina (Cavendish-Bentinck) Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne

Ancestry

Bears lineage from: Armenian, British, Chinese, Cuman, Czech, Danish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Monégasque, Norwegian, Old Prussian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Ukrainian, and Yugoslavian